- 1 Ubuntu as a VMware host
- 2 Ubuntu as a VMware Guest
- 3 Troubleshooting Tips
- 3.1 After a kernel update, VMWare stops working
- 3.2 Important Note about Updating from Hoary to Breezy
- 3.3 Configuration aborts when updating from Dapper to Edgy
- 3.4 Configuration aborts when updating from Feisty to Hardy (or any system running the 2.6.24-2 kernel)
- 3.5 Configuration aborts when Installing VMware 6.0.5 on Intrepid (or any system running the 2.7.27 kernel)
- 3.6 Ubuntu is hosting a guest VM, and the clock gets out of sync
- 3.7 VMWare "Snapshot Manager" Crashes
- 3.8 VMWare Runs Slowly on Pentium-M "Centrino" Notebook
- 3.9 Bridged Networking Won't Start
- 3.10 VMWare 5.5 breaks after installing the 'vmware-any-any-update' package
- 3.11 Missing Library Files Error
Ubuntu as a VMware host
Installing from the .bundle
- VMware Workstation 6.5.1 Build 126130, Ubuntu 8.10, AMD64
- VMware Workstation 6.5.1, Kubuntu 8.10, AMD64
- VMWare Workstation 6.5.0, Ubuntu 8.10 x86
- VMWare Workstation 6.5.0, Super Ubuntu 8.10 x86
- Install required packages build-essential, linux-kernel-headers and linux-kernel-devel
sudo aptitude install build-essential linux-kernel-headers linux-kernel-devel
- Navigate to where the .bundle VMWare file is, then type this in
gksudo bash ./VMware-Workstation-6.5.0-118166.i386.bundle
And that's it! Enjoy your VMWare Workstation installation!
Alternate Installation from .bundle
- VMWare Workstation 6.5.0, !HackBuntu Alpha 3 8.10 x86 (PM me for DL link)
- VMWare Workstation 6.5.0, Super Ubuntu 8.10 x86
Installing on Jaunty
sudo mv /usr/lib/vmware/modules/binary /usr/lib/vmware/modules/binary.old1. then simply rebuild the module.
sudo vmware-modconfig --console --install-all
Installing from the .rpm
VMware-workstation-6.0.2-59824.i386.rpm It’s relatively easy to convert VMWare’s .rpm to a .deb and install VMWare inside the package manager. Here’s how:
- Make sure you have the kernel headers and compiler first, with:
sudo apt-get install linux-headers-$(uname -r) build-essential gcc-3.4
- Download VMWare Workstation 6.0 from their site in
.rpmformat, and get a serial number from them while you’re at it.
- Convert the
fakeroot alien --scripts VMware-workstation-6.0.*.rpm
- Install the .deb with
sudo dpkg -i vmwareworkstation_6.0.*.deb
/etc/vmware/locationsas root and add the following three lines (not necessary on 6.0.5):
- Just after
answer BINDIR /usr/bin
answer SBINDIR /usr/sbin
- Just after
remove_answer BINDIR answer BINDIR /usr/bin
remove_answer SBINDIR answer SBINDIR /usr/sbin
vmware-config.pl(and answer the questions accordingly; this hasn’t really changed since VMWare 4.5. You will have to give the correct location for the kernel headers, i.e. /usr/src/linux-`uname -r`/, although you must know in advance what `uname -r` will return.) with
- Unzip the EULA, which VMWare expects to be uncompressed but which is installed compressed:
sudo gunzip /usr/share/doc/vmware/EULA.gz
- Start vmware, accept the EULA, and enter the serial number.
Ubuntu as a VMware Guest
- Download the iso from http://www.ubuntu.com/download/ this demo used the ubuntu-5.10-install-i386.iso image.
- Create a new Virtual Machine.
- Virtual Machine Configuration: Typical
- Guest Operating System: Linux
- Version: Other Linux 2.6.x kernel
- Virtual Machine Name & Location: Pick as you will. (for the record I chose Ubuntu and O:\VPC\)
- Network Connection: Use bridged networking (Refer to this VMware documentation for information on the other network connection configurations.)
- Disk capacity: Again the choice is yours, I chose 4GB and turned on Allocate all disk space now and Split disk into 2 GB files. Allocating the disk space will increase performance, while spliting the disk into 2GB chunks will minimise any file size limitations if transferring a virtual machine using Samba.
- Change the settings of the new virtual machine:
- Memory - Increase the memory given to the guest OS from 256 (the default) to 512. Although not necessary since I've got the RAM, why not.
- CD-ROM - Use ISO Image: set to the location of the downloaded is, mine was O:\BitTorrent\ubuntu-5.10-install-i386.iso
- Start the virtual machine.
- At the boot menu, press enter.
- Configure the Ubuntu installation:
- Language & Location: Doesn't matter
- Keyboard: I stuck with the default, American English
- Hostname: Doesn't matter, I went with Ubuntu
- Disk Partition: Erase entire disk: SCSI (...
- Write Changes to Disk: Yes
- Timezone: Doesn't matter
- Full name for the new user: I chose bob
- Username for your account: I chose bob
- Password and Verify: pick one, no restrictions
- Reboot: Continue, I didn't bother "removing" the ISO.
- Once you see Restarting system. Ubuntu has shutdown, press Ctrl-Alt to release the cursor and click VM->Power->Reset
- Select video modes...: Don't add anything more than the defaults 1024x768, 800x600, 640x480
At this point Ubuntu is usable but without the virtual tools you can not use some of the higher resolutions. and to release the mouse you must press Ctrl-Alt. So onto the install...
Installing Virtual VmwareTools
There a number of advantages in installing VmwareTools in your Ubuntu guest VM.
- Open the System->Administration->Synaptic Package Manager
- Install the following packages (replace 'kernel version' below with what is reported with uname -r):
uname -r sudo apt-get install make gcc gcc-3.4 linux-headers-'kernel version'
- Goto the desktop and eject the Ubuntu iso.
- Ctrl-Alt to get the cursor back, VM->Install VMware Tools...
- Wait for the CD to appear on the desktop. This may require going to Places->Computer and clicking on the CD icon to make Ubuntu read the new disk.
- Copy VMware'Tools-x.x.x-xxxx.tar.gz' from the CD to your desktop.
- Right click on the VMware'Tools tarball and select Extract Here
- Open a terminal
export CC=/usr/bin/gcc-3.4 cd ~/Desktop/vmware-tools-distrib sudo ./vmware-install.pl
Accept all the defaults, this should take you through making a few directories and then run the config program. The config program will need to compile the drivers and so it will use make, the gcc you specified and the headers to compile.
- The first non default is screen size. I know 640x480, 800x600 and 1024x768 work, I have had 1280x1024 work (I use this one) and I've had 1600x1200 not work.
- If you pick one that doesn't work, get to a terminal and run /usr/bin/vmware-config-tools.pl to pick a different one.
- What you pick here becomes the max setting and you can pick a lower one withing Ubuntu, however the max is used at startup so if it doesn't work you are up the creek.
- Restart the system with System->Log out->Shutdown. Wait until Ubuntu has shutdown and either turn off or restart the VM.
- The install script asks for the path of gcc. If it isn't automatically found find the path on your system by running
which gcc. Set the full path to the binary in the variable CC:
- When you run vmware-config.pl, if the script can't find your kernel's C headers you must install the appropriate headers package. Do this by running
sudo apt-get install linux-headers-$(uname -r)
- If the VMware Management Interface (MUI) for GSX complains about a lack of libdb.so.3 and instruct you to get compat-db-3.3.<##>-<#>.i386.rpm. You want the Ubuntu package libdb2 for this.
Enabling Parallel Port Access
- Open /etc/iniit.d/vmware in an editor by running
gksudo gedit /etc/init.d/vmware
- Find the case statement that looks like this (around line 814)
# See how we were called. case "$1" in start)
- Add the following text at the end of the case statement
rmmod lp chgrp lpadmin /dev/parport0 chmod g+rw /dev/parport0
After a kernel update, VMWare stops working
After upgrading to a newer kernel version, you may find VMWare stops working and displays the error (note: if you're not running it from a terminal the program will just exit with no graphical error messages):
vmware is installed, but it has not been (correctly) configured for this system. To (re-)configure it, invoke the following command: /usr/bin/vmware-config.pl.
This happens even on a minor kernel update (e.g 2.6.12-9 to 2.6.12-10), but is simple to rectify using the steps above. Before running "/usr/bin/vmware-config.pl" as suggested you will need to get the correct kernel headers for your new kernel, and make sure you point the correct version of gcc to the config script. All this is explained above, so I wont go through it here. Once you've done that run the conifg script, select the defaults for all the options except:
Would you like to skip networking setup and keep your old settings as they are? (yes/no) [no]
Select yes, as you're network setting should not have changed. Once the config file has finished you should be able to run VMWare again with no problems.
Important Note about Updating from Hoary to Breezy
A heads up for people coming from hoary to breezy with a VMWare install. I was trying to reconfigure my vmware install for use in breezy (regenerate kernel modules, etc) using vmware-config.pl; however, doing so would not only fail to make VMWare work, but it would leave my system relatively unusable (specifically, sudo no longer worked!). The solution was to download the distribution tarball again, and reinstall (as per the instructions here). Simply reconfiguring the old install doesn't seem to work.
Configuration aborts when updating from Dapper to Edgy
When upgrading from Dapper to Edgy, and then running sudo vmware-config.pl (as explained above), you might find that the configuration aborts with the message:
Unable to build the vmmon module. The error contains the following line: /tmp/vmware-config3/vmmon-only/./include/compat_wait.h:60: error: conflicting types for ‘poll_initwait’ include/linux/poll.h:62: error: previous declaration of ‘poll_initwait’ was here
You need to install the vmware-any-any-update patch, which you can find here: http://platan.vc.cvut.cz/ftp/pub/vmware. Just download the vmware-any-any-update file, untar it, and run sudo ./runme.pl It will automatically call vmware-config.pl, which should then complete normally (ignore the warnings generated). A further explanation is here: http://www.vmware.com/community/thread.jspa?messageID=76957&tstart=0
Configuration aborts when updating from Feisty to Hardy (or any system running the 2.6.24-2 kernel)
When using the 2.6.24-2 kernel, a patch must be applied to get the vmware modules to compile. This applies to you if vmware-config.pl crashes with the message
make: *** [/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/linux/driver.o] Error 1 make: *** [_module_/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only] Error 2 make: Leaving directory `/usr/src/linux-headers-2.6.24-2-generic' make: *** [vmmon.ko] Error 2 make: Leaving directory `/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only' Unable to build the vmmon module.
The solution is to download a patch from http://platan.vc.cvut.cz/ftp/pub/vmware/vmware-any-any-update115.tar.gz that will correct this issue. Extract the files, then run
from the vmware-any-any-update115 directory. Note: This is not my mirror, if someone cares to mirror this file it would be a good thing Source: http://communities.vmware.com/thread/113938 When running kernel 2.6.24-16, you need the patched patch from http://aldeby.org/blog/?p=113.
Configuration aborts when Installing VMware 6.0.5 on Intrepid (or any system running the 2.7.27 kernel)
You need to replace the three files
/usr/lib/vmware/modules/source/vmmon.tar /usr/lib/vmware/modules/source/vmnet.tar /usr/lib/vmware/modules/source/vmblock.tarwith the files available here: http://forum.ubuntu.org.cn/viewtopic.php?p=913873&sid=8b8d9aa85dd0ccd8ff0f4708d37d6dfd
Ubuntu is hosting a guest VM, and the clock gets out of sync
The clock of a Linux guest OS could run much faster than the host computer, if the host computer isusing dynamic CPU speed technology. To Fix this problem:
- Edit your /etc/vmware/config
sudo vim /etc/vmware/config
- Add the following line to /etc/vmware/config
host.cpukHz = x host.noTSC = TRUE ptsc.noTSC = TRUEx == Max CPU speed in kHz (i.e. 2GHz CPU == 2000000)
- Install VMware Tools in Guest OS
- Verify that Time synchronization between the virtual machine and the host operating system is selected
VMWare "Snapshot Manager" CrashesThe VMWare "Snapshot Manager" may still crash when clicked on. To work around this problem, set an environment variable in the shell before running VMware. I have these two commands together in a shell script for launching the program:
export VMWARE_USE_SHIPPED_GTK=yes vmware
VMWare Runs Slowly on Pentium-M "Centrino" NotebookIf you have a Pentium-M "Centrino" notebook, you may notice VMware runs very slowly at times. To fix this problem, do as follows in a shell script:
#!/bin/sh # Script to launch VMware under Breezy: OLD_CSTATE="`cat /sys/module/processor/parameters/max_cstate`" echo "1" > /sys/module/processor/parameters/max_cstate export VMWARE_USE_SHIPPED_GTK=yes vmware echo $OLD_CSTATE > /sys/module/processor/parameters/max_cstate
Bridged Networking Won't Start
Some people may have a problem starting bridged networking (vmnet0). vmnet0 is bridged to eth0, so try running ifdown eth0 first, THEN running the vmware-config.pl or runme.pl.
VMWare 5.5 breaks after installing the 'vmware-any-any-update' packageVMware 5.5 doesn't need the 'vmware-any-any-update' package. If you did try this, you will get the following sorts of errors:
Version mismatch with vmmon module: expecting 137.0, got 116.0. Try reinstalling VMware Workstation.To fix this problem, run the version of vmware-config.pl included in the VMware package. If have already run the version in the vmware-any-any-update package, rerun the vmware-install.pl script to reinstall VMware.
Missing Library Files ErrorYou get an error about missing library files (file extension .so). This will happen if you don't have the X Window system installed. You can either install the libraries one by one or install x-window-system-core, which is simpler, but will also install other unnecessary packages:
sudo apt-get install x-window-system-core