This document describes how to install Ubuntu 5.10 "Breezy Badger" for the Intel x86 ("i386"). This document is a quick walkthrough of the installation process and should contain all the information you will need for most installs. This How To is free; you may redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License.
Booting the installer
Download this CD image and burn it to a CD: To boot the CD, you may need to enter your BIOS configuration menu and configure the list of boot devices to include the CD-ROM drive. If your BIOS does not support booting from a CD-ROM drive, you can use a Smart Boot Manager floppy to boot the CD. A netboot install is also available, but for now it is outside the scope of this document.
- Once the installer starts, you will be greeted with an initial splash screen.
- Press Enter to boot, or use the function keys to read the instructions for other boot methods and parameters. If you have problems booting the installer, these instructions document a number of workarounds that may be useful depending on your hardware.
First stage of installation
After a few moments, you will be asked to select your language.
- Use the arrow keys to pick a language and press Enter to continue.
- Next you'll be asked to select a country, with the choices including countries where your language is spoken. If it's not on the short list, choose "other" to see a list of all the countries in the world.
- The installer will then ask you for your keyboard layout. Choose the appropriate layout, and press enter.
- Now sit back while the installer detects some of your hardware, and loads the rest of itself from the CD.
- Next the installer will try to detect your network hardware and set up networking by DHCP. If you are not on a network or do not have DHCP, you will be given the opportunity to configure the network manually.
Partition your disks
- First you will be given the opportunity to erase and automatically partition an entire disk. This is recommended for new users, but if you have any valuable data on the disk, be sure to back it up first, as it will be erased!
- If you do not want to erase an entire disk, or if you want to customize the partition layout, choose "Manually edit partition table" from the menu, and the next screen will show you your partition table, how the partitions will be formatted, and where they will be mounted. Be aware that "Breezy Badger" requires about 1.8 Gb to install and operate, and any less than a 4 Gb root (/) partition with a 256 Mb swap partition can make the install process stop abruptly. We expect that this matter will be cleared up shortly.
- Select a partition to modify or delete it. Remember to assign at least one partition for swap space and to mount a partition on /. Choose "Finish partitioning and write changes to disk" when you are finished.
- After confirmation, the installer formats your partitions and starts to install the base system, which can take a while. That is followed by installing a kernel, then by copying the remainder of the packages on the CD to your hard disk so that you no longer need the CD.
Install a boot loader
- If the installer detects other operating systems on your computer, it will add them to the boot menu.
- The installer will now tell you that the first stage has finished.
- Remove the CD and hit Enter to reboot your machine. It should boot up into the second stage of the installation process.
Second stage of installation
After rebooting, you will be prompted to complete the configuration of your basic system.
- Following a welcome screen, you will be prompted to configure your time zone. Depending on the location selected at the beginning of the installation process, you will be shown either a single timezone or a list of timezones relevant for that location. If a single timezone is shown, choose Yes to confirm or choose No to select from the full list of timezones. If a list is shown, select your timezone from the list, or select "other" for the full list.
- Enter your full name, then choose a username for the user account; generally your first name or something similar will suffice and indeed will be the default.
- Finally, choose a password. Note that the administrative "root" account is disabled; you may access it using the "sudo" program from the user account you create at this point.
- If your system is not connected to a network, you will be given the opportunity to set up PPP, which allows you to connect to a dial-up Internet provider.
- After this, a set of packages suitable for ordinary desktop use will be automatically installed. In the process, depending on your graphics card and monitor, one or two questions may be asked about the kind of graphics card you have and the screen resolution you would like to use.
- Go and get something to drink and something nice to eat while the packages install, until the progress bar gets to 100%. When the packages finish installing, a graphical login screen will appear.
- Type the username you selected earlier, followed by the password for the user account, and the Ubuntu desktop will appear.
Enjoy using Ubuntu, and share it with your friends!