Compiz is a 3D desktop for your computer. Compiz Fusion is the new name for the plugins and tools from Beryl. This guide shows how to get it running on Ubuntu and Kubuntu 7.10 (Gutsy). For Kubuntu 8.04 you should use the installer KMenu -> System -> Desktop Effects. The following link shows a few demonstrations of Compiz Fusion:
Install Compiz & Compiz Fusion plugins
sudo apt-get install compiz compizconfig-settings-manager
If you are running Kubuntu then use this command to install the most commonly needed packages.
sudo apt-get install compiz compizconfig-settings-manager compiz-kde compiz-fusion-plugins-main compiz-fusion-plugins-extra emerald librsvg2-common
If you are missing the window decorations, then you most likely need the compiz-kde, or emerald packages.
To run Compiz for the current session, hold Alt, then press F2, then enter the following command, or for better trouble shooting, open up a Terminal window and use the following command.
To configure Compiz and associated plugins, hold Alt, then press F2, then enter the command, or use any Terminal.
If ccsm is not found its installable from the compizconfig-settings-manager package. Alternatively, for Ubuntu: System -> Preferences -> !CompizConfig Settings Manager And for Kubuntu: KMenu -> Settings -> !CompizConfig Settings Manager or KMenu -> Settings -> Advanced Desktop Effects Settings You can select different themes with the emerald-theme-manager tool. To download the themes for emerald You must first install subversion, then activate the theme repositories.
sudo apt-get install subversion svn ls https://svn.generation.no/emerald-themes
You can then use the "Fetch GPL'd themes" button of The "emerald-theme-manager" tool.
Information on the 3 window decorators can be found at http://wiki.compiz-fusion.org/Plugins/Decoration Currently there are 3 choices in what window decorator to use. They work with compiz to give your windows the various borders, and widgets. For kde one normally uses the command
For Gnome the command
If you perfer somthing different , the emerald decorator is worth checking out, Use it with.
Add Compiz Startup (optional)
Go to System -> Preferences -> Desktop Effects and click 'Enable Desktop Effects'
Open Konsole (KMenu -> System -> Konsole) and type in these commands:
echo "compiz --replace" > ~/.kde/Autostart/startcompiz.sh chmod +x ~/.kde/Autostart/startcompiz.sh
This creates a 'startcompiz.sh' script in the ~/.kde/Autostart directory, if you wish you may also want to have the script start up 'emerald --replace' or other window decorator for your system, such as in this example.
$ cat ~/.kde/Autostart/startcompiz.sh compiz --replace & emerald --replace &
Information on the 3 window decorators can be found at http://wiki.compiz-fusion.org/Plugins/Decoration
Under Kubuntu, some settings in the Compiz Settings Manager may not be selectable unless you enable the "Flat-File Configuration Backend" Under the CCSM tool -> Preferences -> (Backend drop down menu) If you ran nvidia-settings, then your xorg.conf lost some info. To fix your compiz window decorations (titlebars) with an nVidia graphics card, run
sudo nvidia-xconfig --add-argb-glx-visuals -d 24
then restart X by logging out and back in again and selecting "Restart X Server" from the login menu. If you want to stop Compiz and start the old window manager (metacity or kwin), just press Alt+F2 and put in the following for Ubuntu
metacity --replace # Alternate syntax if you receive: 'Window Manager error: Unable to Open X display' # when using the above command. The correct --display= value can be determined by # issuing the 'who' command and noting the values in parenthesis at line-end. metacity --display=:0.0 --replace
Or for Kubuntu
Fullscreen windows bug
It may happen that windows of specific programs might fully cover the desktop including the taskbar. This is due to a bug in the "workaround" plugin. This display default may be fixed by turning off the "Legacy Fullscreen Support" in the "workaround" plugin, opening your programs which were displayed improperly, and turning the "Legacy Fullscreen Support" option back on. For more details see This Link