Ubuntu is distributed over the Internet as CD image files, called ISOs. Unlike a regular data file, the ISO file cannot be dragged and dropped or copied directly onto a disc. It needs to be burned in a specific way that expands/extracts the image so you have usable files on your disc. To install Ubuntu from a CD, you first need to burn the downloaded ISO image onto a CD. This requires:
- A working CD/DVD burner
- An 80 minute (700 Mb) CD
The cheapest "write once" CDs that can only usually be bought in packets of 10 or more tend to be much better for this. DVDs require a higher 'burn speed' which often causes problems. More expensive types of CDs seem optimised for data-storage rather than for booting-up from. Also if the 1st one does not work it hurts a lot less and also you often get a spindle to keep your linux CDs on.
|You can also install|Ubuntu from a USB stick|
The GettingUbuntu page has links to the ISO image files, as well as other methods of GettingUbuntu. See CdDvd/Burning for information about burning a CD or DVD in general. Some flavors of Ubuntu are available as .img files: if you have downloaded such a file, please refer to the .img writing documentation
Verifying disk and data integrity
Before burning a CD, it is highly recommended that you verify the md5 sum or sha256 sum (hash) of the .iso file. For instructions, please see UbuntuHelp:HowToMD5SUM and HowToSHA256SUM. For the current list of Official Ubuntu SHA256 hashes, see the SHA256SUMS file for the release you're using under http://releases.ubuntu.com (and optionally the PGP|GnuPrivacyGuardHowto|PGP signatures in the SHA256SUMS.gpg file); hashes for the older MD5 algorithm are in the same directory. UbuntuHashes currently has only md5sums. Checking the hash ensures that the file was not damaged during the download process and is 100% intact. The CDIntegrityCheck page describes how to verify the integrity of the finished disk. Please try your CD as a LiveCD. If your finished disk fails to boot when you restart your computer, please refer to the BootFromCD page.
|If the CD writing fails, try writing at a slower speed|
95 / 98 / ME / 2000 / XP / Server 2003 / Vista: Infra Recorder
- Download and install Infra Recorder, a free and open source image burning program.
- Insert a blank CD in the drive and select Do nothing or Cancel if an autorun dialog pops up.
- Open Infra Recorder and click the 'Write Image' button in the main screen.
- Alternatively you can select the 'Actions' menu, then 'Burn image'.
- Select the Ubuntu CD image file you want to use, then click 'Open'.
- In the dialog, click 'OK'.
XP / Server 2003 / Vista: ISO Recorder
- Download and install the appropriate version of ISO Recorder.
- Insert an unformatted CD into your burner. (Note: one can burn DVDs with this tool only from Vista.)
- Open Windows Explorer, browse to your ISO file, right-click and choose "Next".
- Right-click on an ISO image and choose “Burn disc image”.
- Select a disk burner (drive) and press "Burn".
|If you check “Verify disc after burning”, it will verify that the ISO image has been burned correctly|
Mac OS X
Note: To burn most ISOs, you can use Apple's Disk Utility (Disk Copy in older versions).
- Launch Disk Utility (Applications → Utilities → Disk Utility).
- Insert your blank CD/DVD.
- Drag and drop your .iso file to the left pane in Disk Utility. Now both the blank disc and the .iso should be listed.
- Select the .iso file, and click on the Burn button in the toolbar.
- Ensure that the "Verify burned data" checkbox is ticked (you may need to click on the disclosure triangle to see the checkbox).
- Click on Burn. The data will be burned and verified.
|The procedure may differ slightly depending on which version of Ubuntu you are using|
- Insert a blank CD into your burner. A "CD/DVD Creator" or "Choose Disc Type" window might pop up. Close this, as we will not be using it.
- Browse to the downloaded ISO image in the file browser.
- Right click on the ISO image file and choose Write to Disc.
- Where it says "Write disc to" you may have options such as "File image" as well as your CD drive. Choose your CD drive. Your CD drive may show as something like "BD-MLT UJ-210S"
- Select the write speed. If you are burning a Ubuntu Live CD (one that you may want to boot from), it is recommended that you write at the lowest possible speed.
- Start the burning process.
- After burning completed, verify that your CD contains multiple files and folders and not just the ISO file. This way you will know the process was performed correctly.
|See CdDvd/Burning if you would like to burn from the command line (terminal)|
- Launch the CD creation tool, K3b available at K-Menu > Applications > Multimedia > CD & DVD Burning
- Choose from the toolbar Tools > Burn Image
- Select the ISO file to burn, check the MD5 sum and click Start
- Launch the burning tool, brasero (available at Applications > Multimedia > Brasero Disc Burner).
- Choose from the main toolbar the option "Burn image".
- From the Burn image dialog box, select an image to write and locate the ISO image in the file browser.
- Click 'Burn'.
- Bengali (বাংলা) উবুন্টু ISO ইমেজ ফাইল বার্ণ করার পদ্ধতি
- Czech (Česky) Jak vypálit ISO
- Dutch (Hollands) Ubuntu op een CD branden
- French (Français) Graver un CD iso sous Windows
- German (Deutsch) IsoBrennen
- Greek (Ελληνικά) Πως να γράψετε ένα αρχείο iso σε CD
- Italian (Italiano) Masterizzare ISO
- Japanese (日本語) ISOイメージをCD-R(W)に書き込むには
- Lithuanian (Lietuviškai) ISO failų įrašymas į CD
- Portuguese (Português) ComoGravarIso
- Spanish (Español) ComoGrabarIso